Learn Share market basics for beginners in 2021

share market basics for beginners

In this post “share market basics for beginners” we have covered all the basics and important points about share market;  which will be very helpful for beginners , before further going  to  start.

 Here are the key points that, we will discuss one by one.

  • Myth about Share market
  • why it is so important to invest in Share market
  • History of Share market
  • What is Share market and how it works ?
  • Types of Share market
  • who determines the price in Share market
  • Stock Indices
  • Role of Broker in Share market
  • What is Demat account and Trading account
  • What is means by Trading and Investment
  • SEBI
  • Equity market and Derivative market
  • Fundamental and Technical analysis
  • Why do we have to pay taxes and other charges to broker
  • Share market tips.

Myth about share market

A common people don’t want to invest in Share market,  in fact still in our country a large number o f community  are available, who do not invest in share market and suggest others to keep away from it. The reason behind is, they still think, to invest in a Share market is a gambling.

 So the important question is why people lose their money in share market ? Most of the people come here to be a millionaire in very short period of time, they think put your money in share market and it will give your several times of return, so here their mindset is like a gambler not an investor. They throw their money to market without following any rules and regulations, and after losing all their money they blame on market that share market is a casino.

But when you will invest  in Stock market with proper rules and regulations then in long term it will not create you money, it will generate a wealth for you.

Also read : How to invest in share market

Why it is so important to invest in Share market ?

We generally invest in Share market to create a wealth, similarly some people put their money in banks in form of fixed deposit, they generally gives 6 -7 %  return annually on their capital, also if we will notice, our inflation is also increasing with similar rate. So technically after doing fixed deposit the value of your money will be same after few years. Whereas Share market have given a very good return in long term.

Many studies have proved that putting your money in the right shares for a long period of time (five to 10 years) can provide inflation-beating returns, and be a better investment option than real estate and gold. That’s why every person should be invest in share market  for long term horizon. That will also help to grow our economy.

Also read : 9 Best stock market websites for beginners

History of Share market

In news paper and on television you have listen the word “Dalal Street” , how this term came in existence ?  In early days stock brokers grouped around banyan tree to conduct their trades, but later as the number increased,  they moved to a different place , around 1854 they named it  Dalal Street.


This is the place where the oldest stock exchange of Asia is placed with the name “Bombay Stock Exchange ” (BSE). Still BSE plays an important role in Indian economy.

Later in 1993 “National Stock Exchange” (Nifty) was formed. In early days all the works related to share buying and selling was performed on paper,  later the whole system have been shifted to an automated trading environment on computer.

What is Share market and How it works ?

A share market is where the process of buying and selling the share is performed with the help of stock exchange, like NSE (National Stock Exchange) and BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange).

In general term Share market, Equity market and Stock market is similar or we can say all are equal but there is a difference  in Share market and Stock market.

 A Stock market helps you to trade financial instruments like bonds, mutual funds, derivatives as well as shares of companies, whereas a Share market only allows trading of shares. Here we use trading term to buy and sell for different instruments.

Continue reading the post Share market basics or beginners….

How Share market works ?

In starting a company comes with an IPO, then shares get distributed among participants who got allotted the stocks, then the stocks issued can be traded by the investor.  

Stock brokers and brokerage firms are entities registered with the stock exchange which offers you to buy particular share at said price. Your broker passes on your buy order to the exchange, which searches for a sell order for the same share. The process takes T+2 days i.e. you will get your shares deposited in your demat account in two working days.

Types of Share market

We can divide the share market in two types based on their operation. Primary market and Secondary market.

Primary market  and Secondary market

In primary market a Company get listed  through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). In its offer documents, it lists details about the company, the stocks being issued, and so on. During the listing, the stocks issued in the primary market are allotted to investors who have bid for the same.

Once a Company listed , in secondary market, all trading related works performed, here invest sells the stocks, and traded by them. In this market buyers and seller gather  to conduct transactions to book profit, or cut their losses.

Who determines the Share price in Share market

It depends on Company performance, where company grows, earns regular profit, and show good results on quarterly and annual basis, then more investors wants to buy the share , so here we get more demand in comparison of supply, and share price goes up. So its market decision, finally market decides the price of share.

Stock Indices

In Indian Share market more than seven thousands companies listed. From these, some of similar stocks are grouped together to form an index on the basis of their performance, company size, industry, market capitalization, or other categories. The BSE Sensex includes 30 stocks and the NSE comprises 50 stocks. Others indices like the Bank Nifty, Auto, Infra, IT, Pharma etc,  some other indices based on market cap like the BSE Midcap or the BSE Small cap, and others.


Role of Broker in Share market

there are thousands of investors and retail traders. It is impossible for all to converge in one location and conduct their trades. This is where stock brokers and brokerage firms play role. A broker helps to execute the trade, they find buyer for seller and seller for buyer.

Once you place an order to buy a particular share at a said price, it is processed through your broker and passed to the exchange. There are multiple parties involved in the process in background.

During it, the exchange also verify the details of the buyers and the sellers to ensure the parties don’t default. It then facilitates the actual transfer of ownership of shares. This process is called settlement. Earlier, it used to take weeks to settle trades, but now with in T+2 days its get completed. Means after two days your shares get credited to your demat account.

What is Demat account and Trading account ?

Demat account is similar to bank account the difference is that in banking account you put your money whereas in your demat account you hold your shares.  A demat account and Trading account are not same. Trading account is platform where you place your buy and sell order.  To hold the your stock in demat account there is no need  of trading account.

But if you want to do trading , means want to buy and sell shares by yourself then you need a trading account. These days almost all the brokers provides the facility to open demat and trading account together.

To open a demat accont you can go to the link Open demat account

What is means by Trading and Investment ?

The basic difference between trading and investment is, trading refers short time buying and selling shares . A traders rapidly churns the money  between shares , his main focus is basically on technical analysis, he follows the chart and indicator then based on it takes their decision.  In short term a trader basically plays with volatility.

Whereas an Investment refers long term buying of shares and hold them with patience.  An investor choose good shares for their portfolio and when he get opportunity then he add more shares. In long term these shares get high returns.  An investor basically focus on company’s fundamentals and their performance.

What is SEBI

You have listened about lots of Share market frauds like Harshad mehta scam, Ketan parikh scam, Satyam scam,  etc. So to control these types of scams a market regulator was required later a board have been made with name SEBI refers to Securities and Exchange Board of India.


The SEBI has been provided some power to regulating the markets and it’s the responsibility to keep eyes on any irregularity. The basic objectives is to protecting investor interest, developing the share market, and regulating it’s operations.

Paying  taxes and brokerage to broker

As Share market is a business, in business if you earn profit then you must have to pay to your government , but here either you get profit or loss in your trading you must have to pay some statutory charges like GST, stamp duty and STT to the central or the state government. The broker does not get these payments. The broker just collects these on your behalf and deposits it with the government. Broker only take their predefined commission per trade.

Only difference is with discount broker we pay very less amount like 15 rs or 20 rs per trade, whereas with traditional broker like top banks and financial institution we will have to pay some extra money. To open a demat account with zerodha you can go to the link Open account with Zerodha .


Share market Tips:

  • Before start to trading or investing always take your decision wisely or if possible take the advice of an expert.
  • Never put your all money in one share , try to diversify your investment in different sectors or assets.
  • If you want to start trading, never start with a large amount, but to learn or to getting some experience, you can start with a small amount of money.
  • Patience is very essential for any investor.
  • Its not wise to take decision based on rumours.
  • Monitor your portfolio regularly so that you can eliminate the loss making shares.

I hope in this post “Share market basics or beginners” , you have learned something. If you found this post informative and helpful then don’t forget to share it with your friends and on social media paltform.

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